The integrated application of biochemistry, microbiology and process engineering with the goal of acquiring technical applications of the potentials of microorganisms and cell and tissue cultures.
Biotechnology is a term for the teaching of all the methods with which life-forms - from single-celled organisms to highly advanced animals - are used for technical purposes. For thousands of years, humankind has used biotechnology. Yogurt and cheese were produced for the first time in Mesopotamia (now Iraq) as early as 3200 BC. Biotechnological products include both yogurt and interferon produced using gene technology.